The Gemstone Spodumene

Yellow Spodumene

Spodumene is a mineral that contains two important gem varieties: pink Kunzite and green Hiddenite. Both of these gemstone varieties have their own dedicated page. In the gem trade, the term Spodumene is generally used to include only the yellow, brownish, light greenish, and colorless forms of Spodumene.


? White, Colorless, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Brown, Pink, Purple, Gray, Multicolored


? 6.5 - 7

Chemical Formula

? LiAlSi2O6

Mineral Class

? Spodumene

Additional Properties

Crystal System
? Monoclinic
Refractive Index
? 1.66 - 1.68
Double Refraction
? .015
? Transparent
? 3.1 - 3.2
? Vitreous
Cleavage ? 1,2 - prismatic

All About

Most gemstones labeled as Spodumene are of the yellow type; brown and colorless gems are seldom faceted. A rarity is the faint blue to bluish-green variety, as well as multicolored forms.

In a strict sense, the term Hiddenite refers specifically to the green, transparent Spodumene variety originating in Alexander Co., North Carolina, whereas all other green Spodumene is known simply as "Green Spodumene". However, the name Hiddenite has been corrupted by the gem and mineral industry to include all green gem Spodumene from other localities. Chromium impurities are responsible for the green color in North Carolina Hiddenite; the other localities generally produce lighter colored and more yellowish in tone, and lack the chromium.

The perfect cleavage and splintery fracture of Spodumene gemstones make them difficult to facet. They are very sensitive to knocks and will chip if hit too hard. Spodumene is also strongly pleochroic, showing lighter and more intense coloring when viewed at different angles. Brown Spodumene is sometimes heat treated to transform the color into a more pink tone and produce Kunzite.


? With the exception of Kunzite and Hiddenite, other color forms of Spodumene are not commonly used as gems. However, the yellow form has started gaining a bit in popularity is is faceted into gemstone cuts. Other color forms are seldom faceted.


  • Hiddenite  -   Green chromium-rich transparent variety of Spodumene. Originally used only to describe green Spodumene from the Hiddenite area in North Carolina, this term is commonly also used referencing other green forms from Afghanistan and Brazil.
  • Kunzite  -   Pink to violet transparent variety of Spodumene.
  • Triphane  -   Colorless to yellow transparent variety of Spodumene.

Treatments & Enhancements

? Some forms of Kunzite may be heat treated to remove undesirable brownish tints and increase transparency.

Spodumene Sources

? The main source of gem-quality Spodumene is Afghanistan; other sources are  Pakistan, Brazil, Madagascar, Mozambique, and the U.S. (California, and Maine).

Similar Gemstones

? Yellow Spodumene resembles yellow Beryl and ,but is lighter in hardness. It also can be similar to yellow Topaz and yellow Citrine ("Lemon Quartz"), but is usually lighter in tone and slightly softer.

Spodumene Photos

Images of Kunzite and Hiddenite are listed separately on their own dedicated page.

Spodumene in the Rough Photos

Images of Kunzite and Hiddenite are listed separately on their own dedicated page.


Copyright © 2024. Minerals.net

View on Full Site