The Mineral annabergite

Bright Green Annabergite Pocket

Annabergite is a rare nickel mineral that can often has a bright green color. It is the end member of a series with Erythrite, with Annabergite being the nickel-dominant member and Erythrite being the cobalt-dominant member. Annabergite often contains some cobalt in its structure. The color caused by cobalt will dominate, and will cause some Annabergite to have a purplish color even if there is less cobalt than nickel present. Annabergite is named after the locality of Annaberg, Saxony, Germany, which is a type locality for this mineral.

Chemical Formula

Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O)


Bright green, apple-green, purplish-green, beige, gray, grayish-pink.

Crystal System



Light green
1.5 - 2.5
Transparent to translucent
Specific Gravity
3.0 - 3.1
Vitreous, pearly. Earthy specimens may be dull.
Slightly sectile and flexible

Crystal Habits

Never in large crystals; most often encrusting and in small botryoidal groups lining cavities. Also in groups of fragile radiating, acicular, or fibrous groupings, in rounded spiky balls, earthy, and massive. Individual microcrystals are thin and bladed, with a distinctly angled termination and usually with growth layers or striations.

Additional Information

Hydrous nickel arsenate, often with some cobalt
In Group
Phosphates; Arsenates
Striking Features
Color, crystal habits, and streak.
As a secondary mineral that forms as an alteration product in the oxidation zone of nickel ore and cobalt sulfide deposits.
Rock Type
Sedimentary, Metamorphic

Other Names

Cabrerite Synonym of Annabergite. May also refer to the distinctly crystallized form that comes from Lavrion, Greece, or may refer to a magnesium-rich variety. Named after the Sierra Cabrera in Spain.
Nickel Bloom


Annabergite is a minor ore of nickel in nickel deposits.

Noteworthy Localities

Annabergite is not a common mineral. The only significant specimen locality of Annabergite is Lavrion, Greece, where it occurs in small bright-green, yet visible crystals. Other Annabergite localities include Cobalt, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada; and Cottonwood Canyon, Humboldt County, Nevada.

Common Mineral Associations

Limonite, Quartz, Nickeline, Skutterudite, Fluorite, Erythrite

Distingushing Similar Minerals

Due to the color, habits, and mode of occurrence of Annabergite, it is is not easily confused with other minerals.

annabergite Photos


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