The Mineral hedenbergite

Hedenbergite Spray with Andradite

Hedenbergite forms a series with Diopside, the magnesium equivalent of Hedenbergite, and may be partially replaced by it. Diopside and Hedenbergite can even occur together in a single crystal, with a core of Hedenbergite and outer zone of Diopside. Hedenbergite is often confused and misidentified as both Diopside and Augite.

Chemical Formula



Green to dark green, brownish-green, brown, gray, black

Crystal System



Colorless to light green
5 - 6
Opaque. Occassionally translucent.
Specific Gravity
3.3 - 3.6
Vitreous to dull
1,2 - prismatic at cleavage angles of 87º and 93º (Characteristic of minerals in the pyroxene group). May also exhibit parting in one direction.
Uneven to splintery

Crystal Habits

Crystals are stubby and prismatic, and usually have a rectangular cross section. Elongated crystals are uncommon. Also occurs grainy, columnar, acicular, massive, radiating, and fibrous. May also be in v-shaped penetration twins, and crystals from certain localities have partially hollow etchings.

3D Crystal Atlas

Additional Information

Calcium magnesium silicate, usually with some magnesium
In Group
Silicates; Inosilicates; Pyroxene Group
Striking Features
Color, cleavage angles, and mineral associations
Contact metamorphic rocks in hornfels, and in skarn deposits of hydrothermal metamorphic rock.
Rock Type


Large Hedenbergite crystals are uncommon and of interest to mineral collectors.

Noteworthy Localities

This mineral is more common than perceived, and is often misidentified as Diopside or Augite. Fibrous and radiating aggregates occur in Italy at Temperino, Campiglia Marittima, in Livorno Province. Dark, lustrous crystals come from Nordmark, Varmland, Sweden; and famous green Quartz with Hedenbergite inclusions in Quartz from Mega Xhorio, Seriphos Island, Greece.

Another locality with excellent Hedenbergite inclusions in Quartz is the Sinerechenskoye deposit, west of Kavalerovo, Primorskij Kraj, Russia, where the Quartz is darker green and forms pointier crystals than the Greek locality. Dal'negorsk, in Primorskij Kraj, Russia has several important deposits containing Hedenbergite. Good crystals, sometimes translucent, come from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia; and dark lustrous crystals from Tormiq, Haramosh Mountains, Pakistan.

In the U.S., good Hedenbergite crystals come from  Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey; Warwick, Orange Co., New York; Keene, Essex County, New York; and the Iron Cap Mine, Graham County, Arizona. Aesthetic prismatic crystal groupings of Hedenbergite come from the Laxey Mine, South Mountain, Owyhee Co., Idaho.

Common Mineral Associations

Quartz, Grossular, Andradite, Vesuvianite, Calcite, Wollastonite, Actinolite, Ilvaite, Magnetite

Distingushing Similar Minerals

Epidote - Different cleavage, usually heavily striated.
Enstatite and Augite - Very difficult to distinguish.
Diopside - Usually lighter in color, otherwise cannot be distinguished practically.

hedenbergite Photos


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